Two identical pack of cards A and B are shuffled throughly. One card is picked from A and shuffled with B. The top card from pack A is turned up. If this is the Queen of Hearts, what are the chances that the top card in B will be the King of Hearts?

Answer

52 / 2703

There are two cases to be considered.

CASE 1 : King of Hearts is drawn from Pack A and shuffled with Pack B

Probability of drawing King of Hearts from Pack A = 1/51 (as Queen of Hearts is not to be drawn)

Probability of having King of Hearts on the top of the Pack B = 2/53

So total probability of case 1 = (1/51) * (2/53) = 2 / (51 * 53)

CASE 2 : King of Hearts is not drawn from Pack A

Probability of not drawing King of Hearts from Pack A = 50/51 (as Queen of Hearts is not to be drawn)

Probability of having King of Hearts on the top of the Pack B = 1/53

So total probability of case 2 = (50/51) * (1/53) = 50 / (51 * 53)

Now adding both the probability, the required probability is

= 2 / (51 * 53) + 50 / (51 * 53)

= 52 / (51 * 53)

= 52 / 2703

= 0.0192378

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